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ProMind Complex Reviews-What helps hormonal constipation?

by fiona basil (2021-03-08)

To talk about constipation in menopause it is necessary to define both terms. Menopause is known as the last menstruation and this event is accompanied by various physical and mental changes resulting from the cessation of ovarian function that can acquire a pathological dimension and require treatment.
One of those physical changes that a woman has in this period of her life that on average occurs at age 50 is constipation or constipation.
Constipation is defined as the presence of two or more of the following manifestations, for more than three months without the use of laxatives:
• Less than two bowel movements per week
• Stool hard in 25% or more of bowel movements
• Forced or difficult evacuations in 25% of cases
• Sensation of incomplete evacuation in 25% of stools at least.
In menopause there is a series of hormonal changes that, added to the characteristic stress of this stage, make constipation appear as a symptom added to the rest of the existing ones.
Causes of constipation in menopause
• Decrease in estrogens: In this period of a woman's life there is a considerable decrease in estrogen due to aging of the ovary: the organ responsible for producing hormones and releasing the oocyte (known as ovum). This decrease in estrogens causes an increase in the release of adrenaline, a situation that consequently slows down the transit of the fecal bolus in the large intestine.
• Medications: There are drugs that women use in other pathological circumstances such as high blood pressure, estrogen replacement therapy, and depression that have constipation as an adverse effect.
• Diet poor in fiber and fluids that do not allow the efficient transit of the fecal bolus and the softening of the stool on its way. Diets rich in junk food do not help improve the picture.
Treatment of constipation in menopause
There are various treatments, some more effective than others, but in the end they will help improve the transit of the fecal bolus through the intestinal tract and improve the quality of life of women during this "critical" stage of cessation of hormonal functions to which the body was used to it. Among the treatments and methods that can be used to improve constipation we will talk about:
Healthy food:
It is important to eat well throughout our lives, but there are critical moments where it becomes essential to make this premise part of our lives.
It is in menopause when estrogen levels decrease and we must eat more fiber, cereals, vegetables and fluids. Adding all this to the diet will help counteract the effects of adrenaline at the level of the intestinal smooth muscle. Also, you should chew well and eat slowly.
Leading an active life with increased cardiac activity will promote vasodilation and stimulate intestinal motility.
It is recommended that at least 30 minutes of cardiovascular activity in the morning be performed at least four times a week,
The use of laxatives is indicated when several days have passed since the onset of constipation. They should be used for less than a week and taking previous measures of food hygiene and physical exercise.
Bulk-forming laxatives are recommended such as: mucilage and wheat bran which is derived from cellulose. These laxatives form stools of greater volume, but very soft, allowing them to be expelled more easily.
It should be used within a period of no more than 7 days because its use creates dependency. They are administered before meals, with plenty of water by mouth.
Hormone replacement therapy:
It consists of administering natural or artificial estrogens that the body is no longer producing. This therapeutic measure will improve the symptoms that derive from menopause and therefore improve constipation and intestinal transit.
This therapy has severe adverse effects and should be indicated by a specialist doctor, individualizing each woman according to her habits and history of illnesses.
Magnesium supplement:
This metal helps muscle motility and the intestine is a smooth muscle that, as it has greater movement, favors the transit of the fecal bolus.
Menopause is a period of physical and mental changes in which the woman will have to adopt a lifestyle very different from the one she had before this stage.
It is always important to take measures in the face of what is changing and it must be improved but always in the hands of a doctor or health personnel who is trained to guide the improvement of women in this stage of changes.

Causes of Alpha gal allergy and what are its symptoms

Allergic reactions are an exaggerated response to the re-exposure of a substance called an allergen, as it is capable of inducing a response from the immune system of the person who suffers it.
In reality, any chemical or biological compound can generate a response after the individual is sensitized to it. However, an allergy to Alpha gal, also known as an allergy to red meat, is the first identified immune reaction that can be acquired as a result of an insect bite.
What is alpha gal?
Alpha gal is the diminutive or term used to refer to the carbohydrate galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. In simpler terms a carbohydrate composed of two galactose molecules linked by an alpha bond in their portions 1 and 3 respectively.
This carbohydrate is present in the muscular tissues and body fluids of various animals, especially mammals, with the exception of primates. Also in some drugs or compounds manufactured using the blood or serum of non-primate mammalian animals.
What is an alpha gal allergy?
Allergy to alpha gal is the exaggerated response of the immune system to the second exposure or detection of this substance in the body, which induces the release of chemical mediators and triggers an inflammatory response that can be, from itching and slight bleeding in the skin, to inflammation of the respiratory tract (channels through which air flows from the outside to the lungs and vice versa) and dilation of blood vessels.
Inflammation of the airways can cause suffocation, dilation of blood vessels can cause heart attacks, both situations are life threatening.
Causes of alpha gal allergy
The cause of the allergy is the presence of the specific Immunoglobulin E antibody for this Alpha gal molecule in the individual's blood. The way this antibody is secreted is unique in immunology to date.
• Innate. There are people who are born with this rare allergy to red meat and whose allergic response will depend on the amount of alpha gal present in ingested meat, animal gelatin, or animal product.
• The bite of a tick. Called Amblyomma americanum, it can induce a reconfiguration of the immune system of the infected individual, causing the generation of the IgE antibody specific for alpha gal. Making the individual allergic to alpha gal after the bite. This is the first time that an allergy can be transmitted or contagious has been recorded.
What are the symptoms of an alpha gal allergy?
The symptoms and the severity of these depend on the amount of alpha gal present in the body and the response that it can trigger. The wide variety of allergic responses ranges from mild to death from anaphylaxis (allergic reaction).
The response time of the allergic reaction usually occurs after 3 to 6 hours after ingesting the animal product, usually red meat, or having been exposed to a product that contains alpha gal.
• Intense itching. Exaggerated itching of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet after the ingestion of a product of animal origin.
• Difficulty breathing. Due to the allergic reaction this can be severe and inflame the airways causing their obstruction. (can be fatal).
• Dizziness and weakness. Patients may experience dizziness and weakness from the low oxygen reaching the brain.
• Inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. The reaction causes the outermost layer of the skin to receive the complexes formed of antigen and antibody, producing inflammation that can be seen as red areas of various sizes. The lips tend to increase in volume.
• Hypotension. Products secreted by the body to fight the antibody cause blood vessels to dilate, lowering blood pressure to critical levels, which can be fatal.
• Angioedema. It is the inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels
• Skin rashes. The inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels can cause from small red blood spots that disappear under pressure, the size of the head of a pin, to spots with diameters greater than 3 or 5 cm.
• Anaphylactic shock. It is the most dramatic and exaggerated response in which all the symptoms and signs of the allergic reaction are presented simultaneously and in the most intense way that can occur. Without immediate medical help, this reaction is potentially fatal within just a couple of minutes.
It should be remembered that an allergy to alpha gal occurs three to six hours after eating red meat. Birds do not cause it.

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Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices is a non-commercial initiative committed to the ethical dissemination of academic research and educational thinking. CLTP acknowledges the thoughtful dedication of authors, editors and reviewers to develop and promote this open journal initiative. The journal receives copy-editing sponsorship from the Faculty of Education at the University of Oulu, Finland. CLTP has previously received  copy editing support from the Centre for the Study of Social and Global Justice at the University of Nottingham, UK.